Causes Of Diabetes Mellitus

Causes Of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a major life-threatening disease these days. Through the years, medical experts are still unable to determine the root cause of this serious condition. Science has not found out accurate answers on how diabetes began. It is very interesting to note that some people suffer from this disease while others do not, and experts cannot explain this. What medical scientists know are the risk factors of diabetes. Such risk factors are either genetic or developed. Diabetic people should always be aware of their disease because it can lead to complications if not treated or controlled.

Type 1-diabetes is the condition in which the body does not produce sufficient insulin or ceases from making insulin, thus resulting in abnormal blood sugar level. This type of diabetes is also called juvenile onset or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. It is estimated that ten percent of the diagnosed diabetic patients in the US have this type of disease. The usual victims of this condition are young people especially teens. Older adults can also have type 1diabetes. This happens when there is damage in the pancreas. A person who suffers from this type of diabetes needs to take in insulin on a daily basis in order to maintain a normal blood sugar level, otherwise the patient cannot survive.

Type 2-diabetes is a serious condition in which the body does not properly use insulin. In other words, the disease affects the way the body metabolizes sugar (glucose). It is an established fact that sugar is the body’s main source of energy. Once the person suffers from type 2-diabetes, his or her life is at a great risk. The other names of this disease are adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. There is no known cure for type 2 diabetes but the patient can do many things to control, prevent, or manage the disease. Eating healthy foods, doing regular physical activity, and maintaining a normal weight are the best solutions to fight type 2 diabetes. Most diabetic people belong to this type of diabetes. The rise of the disease is already quite alarming these days. This is mainly due to the increasing number of obese people around the world.

Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs only during pregnancy. This kind of disease usually ends when the baby is born but some women who experience gestational diabetes can develop diabetes when they get older. The disease is described as a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin and resists insulin because of hormones. Gestational diabetes develops midway through the pregnancy. Most women who have this condition can be treated with diet but some may require insulin. It is estimated that 4 percent of all pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes.

Pre-diabetes is a condition in which a person has high blood glucose level but not yet high enough to be considered as diabetes. It is estimated that there are 54 million people in the US who have pre-diabetes. Studies have shown that during pre- diabetes some long term damage to the heart and circulatory system may already be occurring.

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