Diabetes is one serious, complicated and debilitating disease. Thus it is best that you must learn a lot regarding the disease. Diabetes can be controlled when given a prompt medical attention. Diabetes is the number leading cause of kidney failures and disease.
Diabetes occurs when the body can no longer control the level of blood sugar level in the blood. This is due to the fact that in a disease such as diabetes, there is a failure in the absorption of blood sugar from the bloodstream going to the inside of the cell. Diabetes can occur when there is an insulin resistance. A diabetic has an increased level of plasma glucose. The cells get used to this elevated blood sugar level. Eventually, the cells loss that reactive nature towards the presence of the blood sugar in the blood. When the pancreas fails to produce that adequate amount of insulin the blood glucose will stay in the bloodstream. The very purpose of insulin is to transport sugar from the bloodstream to the cells. This is one way of facilitating the production of energy to support cellular metabolism but if the insulin cannot function and to serve its purpose it brings an elevated level of blood plasma. If this happens the person will be on a hyperglycemic state.
It has been said that there 3 types of diabetes. Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes. Type I diabetes is also know as a juvenile onset diabetes mellitus. This is due to the fact that in type I diabetes, the beta cells are totally damaged thus there is no production of insulin in the body. This will put the patient into a chronic state of hyperglycemia. Endogenous insulin which is the insulin produced by the body itself in the Pancreas specifically in the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans are not capable of producing the insulin level the body needs to foster glucose uptake by the cells. Thus a perpetual need for exogenous insulin. Exogenous insulin is a type of insulin that is from other sources such pig’s pancreas. Insulin is needed by Type 1 diabetes all through out their life. That is the very reason why it is called IDDM or Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus. It is usual genetic.
Type II diabetes occurs more frequent to people who are obese and have that history of previous forms of diabetes in the family. It is the most common type of diabetes. Type II diabetes is a type of diabetes disease which can be preventable. There is production of insulin but it has been rendered to be ineffective due to the resistance of the cells to insulin brought about by very high level of sugar in the blood. This type of diabetes disease can be reversed by a change in lifestyle. Diet modification can be the first management to be done to control this type of diabetes disease. Type II diabetes is usually referred to as the adult onset type of diabetes. It does not need a life long supply of exogenous insulin. Diet modification can be effective and a healthier lifestyle can help control this diabetes disease.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that has as onset during pregnancy. Usually this type of diabetes disease can predispose a woman into developing type II diabetes later on in life. Gestational diabetes is over when the pregnancy came to full term and the baby is delivered.