There are four main types pf diabetes: type I diabetes, type II diabetes, gestational diabetes, and pre diabetes. Looking for solutions to prevent, minimize or delay the onset of the disease is something that will take us a step closer to the end of our battle against this disease. If we don’t succeed in completely eradicating diabetes, we can reduce and manage its risks with proper gathering of information.
Type I diabetes is the category of diabetes that cannot be prevented. It is a state in which the insulin producing cells in the pancreas are seriously damaged by the immune system. There are a lot of theories surrounding this type of diabetes but so far no accurate explanations have been found. One of such theories is that type I diabetes is triggered by an allergen or viral agent on a person who has family history of the disease. This implies that type 1 diabetes may be a disease that runs in the family from a generation to another generation. If this is the case, then prevention of the health problem is completely impossible. Genetic defects cannot be treated as they are fixed within our internal setup. Unless scientists discover a way to treat or trace the root of the disease, we can never prevent it.
Type II diabetes is described as inefficiency or malfunctioning of body insulin. As the insulin malfunctions, the person’s blood sugar level rises. Because insulin is an essential aspect in food absorption to the cells, the patient must do steps to optimize his body processes. Type II diabetes is the more common type. Millions of people are experiencing this disease right now. This disease however is not as dangerous as type I diabetes and with appropriate guidelines; it can be managed and controlled. Research has shown that doing regular physical exercise, eating a balanced and appropriate diet, and maintaining a normal weight prevents the patient from the deadly complications of the disease.
Gestational diabetes is a health problem that exclusively happens on pregnant women. This is a condition in which the woman has enough body insulin but these essential hormones are blocked by placental hormones. These placental hormones are estrogen, cortisol, and human placental lactogen hormone. Medical experts have suggested that gestational diabetes has something to do with heredity and obesity. With the former, there is nothing we can do to prevent the disease, but with the latter there is a solution. As obesity appears to be a cause of insulin inefficiency, women should make sure that they maintain a normal weight before or during the pregnancy period. Achieving this requires a balanced and appropriate diet coupled with regular physical exercise. Although gestational diabetes ends after pregnancy, women should be careful because gestational diabetes may develop into a type of diabetes in the later years.
Pre-diabetes is a health condition in which a person experiences high sugar levels but not enough to be considered a type of diabetes. This is a disease that is highly preventable and treatable with balanced diet, regular physical exercise and some doctor-prescribed medications.