Lets first study what diabetes actually is. Basically diabetes is when something goes wrong with our metabolism, causing a breakdown in the digestion system.
All the foods we eat are broken in our body and converted to glucose, which is a form of energy for the body. This energy is used by the different cells in our body for proper functioning.
For glucose to be produced normally, an hormone called insulin is used by the body. This hormone is produced by the pancreas in the body.
So the whole process goes like this- Food intake –> Converted to glucose –> By Insulin –> Which is produced by pancreas. A person whose pancreas stops producing this Insulin or there cells stop responding to the insulin, is when diabetes occurs.
There are mainly 3 types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Gestational diabetes.
-Type 1 diabetes a.k.a “insulin-dependent diabetes”: This is mainly an autoimmune condition. This happens when the persons immune stops fighting a certain infection in the body. In this condition the immune system actually stops the pancreas from producing any insulin in the body. Such a person normally has to take insulin on a regular basis.
-Type 2 diabetes a.k.a “non-insulin dependent diabetes”: This is the more common form. Almost 95% suffer from this kind of diabetes, and its main cause is human genes. Another interesting fact is that almost 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
A lot of younger people are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes nowadays. This condition is different from type 1, here the body is producing insulin, but the body is unable to use the insulin, resulting in insulin resistance in the body. When this happens for a number of years, the insulin production in the body falls down. The final result is then the same as type 1 diabetes, and glucose starts building up in the body as the body is not able to use it.
-Gestational Diabetes: This kind of diabetes happens only to pregnant women. Similar to type 2 diabetes it is very common among certain ethnic groups like African americans, American Indians and Hispanic Americans. It also occurs to pregnant women who have had a family history of diabetes. The chances of developing type 2 diabetes from this condition is around 20-50%.
Quick Tip #1
Knowing the symptoms of diabetes can prove to be very important in providing the necessary treatments. Study the symptoms through the articles provided on this site and get your self checked in time.
Quick Tip #2
Exercising regularly has proven to delay and even eliminate the symptoms of diabetes. Fit in a daily exercise plan in your schedule and make sure to follow it through.