The most prevalent types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. In all these types of the disease, glucose is not at its optimum performance in its function of energizing the body cells. This is because of insulin deficiency or abnormal function of insulin. The condition then forces glucose to stay in the blood for a longer period of time, resulting to a very high blood sugar level and eventually destroying body cells. The part of the body that produces the vital insulin is the pancreas. A serious deficiency or absence of this hormone usually leads to kidney, nerve, and eye damage. Sufficient quantities of glucose must be used up by the body thus a diabetic person has to optimize insulin quantity in the body.
When the pancreas is not anymore able to produce insulin due to the damage of the cells that produce the hormone, type 1 diabetes takes place. The disease usually occurs during childhood or teenage years. It is also called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. A victim of this serious condition has to do regular insulin injections in order to maintain a normal blood sugar level. In this way, the patient can still function normally like any other person.
Type 2 Diabetes is described as a state of having not enough insulin or having insulin that does not work efficiently. This condition is also called adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. This is the more common type of diabetes and mostly occurs during adulthood. Failing to address this body problem puts the patient’s life at a great risk. Knowing how to prevent or manage the disease is the key to reducing its risks.
Gestational diabetes only occurs on a pregnant woman. This is the case in which the body has sufficient quantity of insulin but the vital hormone is blocked by placental hormones. These placental hormones are estrogen, cortisol, and human placental lactogen hormone. Normally, the pancreas produces extra insulin to overcome this problem. But at certain times the pancreas cannot keep up, resulting in an excess quantity of glucose in your blood instead of glucose absorption into the body cells. This is then a condition that is the same as what the typical diabetic person experiences. The interesting thing about gestational diabetes condition is that it normally ceases to afflict the woman after her pregnancy. In a few cases though, a woman can eventually develop a type of diabetes when she reaches older age. Gestational diabetes usually leaves no injury to the woman after pregnancy.
Some risk factors of gestational diabetes have been identified by experts. These are diabetes in the woman’s family history, obesity in women, and an instance in which a woman delivers an overweight infant and too much amniotic fluid in women. Gestational diabetes can happen during the second trimester of the pregnancy or as early as the 20th week.
Pregnancy is an exciting but very crucial period in a woman’s life. Nothing can be more fulfilling than bearing your own offspring and looking forward to taking care of your child. Gestational diabetes is a disturbing culprit in the stage of pregnancy. Addressing or managing the disease is easier though compared to the typical diabetes due to the fact that it normally ceases after pregnancy.