Despite the advanced stage of technology we are in, the exact cause of juvenile diabetes remains an unknown realm for medical scientists. The accurate and definite cause of the disease is still a mystery to us, though we already have somewhat accepted beliefs on it. But among the diagnosed juvenile diabetes patients certain risk factors have been found. Knowing these risk factors can be a significant guide in our serious battle against this health condition.
Juvenile diabetes, also known as type I diabetes is the less common type. Only about ten percent of the total number of diabetes patients belongs to this type of the disease. Juvenile diabetes is basically a condition in which the body’s defence system attacks and damages its very own cells. When such a problem takes place, the vital cells in the pancreas that makes insulin cease to function resulting in the absence of the hormone (insulin) in the body. Insulin is a very important part in the energy processing of our body. It helps in the proper absorption of the sugar called glucose into the different cells in our body. Glucose that penetrates to these various cells becomes energy. The hormone insulin therefore is crucial in our daily activities because without it we cannot endure to move about for several hours in day. Aside from that, insulin keeps glucose from being stored in our blood. Glucose that remains in our blood for a long period of time can result to a severe increase in our blood sugar level which eventually destroys our body cells in the form of complicating diseases.
Experts have suggested that juvenile diabetes may be caused by heredity. According to scientists, people who have the genetic tendency to develop Coxsackie, rubella, and mumps viruses may also develop juvenile diabetes. This is because such viruses can trigger the onset of the disease. But this does not mean that the viral infection directly causes juvenile diabetes. Instead, viral infection only intensifies the symptoms of the disease making way for its possible development. Simply put, some people who have family history of diabetes may not manifest the disease unless triggered by the believed risk factors such as viruses.
Because juvenile diabetes has no known cause, people tend to believe in wrong theories or misconceptions on the health problem. It is a normal reaction for human beings to establish a presumed solution to a problem that has no logical and scientific solution. Perhaps the craziest myth about juvenile diabetes is the idea that it can be caught from another person. Juvenile diabetes, along with the other types of the disease, is absolutely not a contagious disease. Another misconception about the disease is the traditional belief that eating sweets can directly cause diabetes. In a way, eating too much sweet may eventually cause diabetes because doing so can lead to obesity. But eating sweets does not cause diabetes. Stress is never a cause of juvenile diabetes or any type of diabetes. All it can do is trigger the symptom of the disease, but it can never directly cause diabetes.