When your blood glucose or sugar levels are very high, you are suffering from Diabetes. Diabetes is a condition in which the person lacks body insulin. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the process of glucose absorption. Glucose should be properly absorbed into the body cells to give them the energy. When your body does not make or produce insulin, you are having type I diabetes. About ten percent of Americans who have diabetes have type I diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the more common condition. This is a condition in which your body does not make enough insulin or does not use insulin properly. Because insulin is a vital factor in the absorption of glucose into the body’s cells, its absence means that the glucose remains in your blood. When glucose stays in the blood for a longer period of time, it can harm your kidneys, nerves, and eyes. This is why people who have diabetes need to take in insulin in order to maintain a normal blood glucose level. Diabetes can also cause stroke and heart ailment. At certain instances amputation of a limb is necessary.
Being a diabetes patient is not easy. You have to know more about this disease in order to avoid more serious complications. Even those who do not have diabetes fear this disease. What are the causes of diabetes? It is definitely a worthwhile thing to dig deep into the causes of the disease. In the past centuries, people tried to figure out the cause of diabetes but they always failed. In our present times however, we have been able to identify the risk factors of the disease. Although experts have not really discovered the exact causes of the condition, knowing its risk factors is a great help to control and prevent it.
Conventional belief suggests that diabetes is inherited through bloodlines. Such a theory is still an accepted cause of diabetes at present, although having a diabetic relative now does not necessarily mean that you are also diabetic. This means that having a family history of diabetes only puts you at a higher risk of developing the disease. Knowing your family history therefore is crucial in preventing the serious impact of diabetes. Before it’s too late, start asking your relatives if you have diabetes in your bloodline.
The widely known and accepted cause of diabetes, however, is obesity. Researchers recently found that obesity causes stress in a system of cellular membranes called endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which in turn causes the endoplasmic reticulum to suppress the signals of insulin receptors, which then leads to insulin resistance. Insulin resistance consequently causes an abnormal absorption of glucose into the body cells which eventually leads to alarming blood sugar levels. A better way therefore of avoiding diabetes is maintaining a normal body weight. But living in our ‘super sized’ world makes it a difficult aim to achieve.
A healthy and balanced diet is the best way to avoid diabetes. Eating unhealthy foods can cause diabetes whether you are obese or not. Another big risk factor is living an inactive lifestyle. You must find time to do regular physical exercise to eliminate unwanted body substances and maintain a normal weight.